…reflection — true reflection — leads to action.

~ Paolo Freire


We are inclined to think of reflection as something quiet and personal.  My argument here is that reflection is action-oriented, social and political.  Its ‘product’ is praxis (informed, committed action), the most eloquent and socially significant form of human action.”

~ Stephen Kemmis



Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum.

Kemmis, S (1985).  “Action Research and the Politics of Reflection” in David Boud, Rosemary Keogh and David Walker, eds., Reflection: Turning Experience into Learning. New York: Kogan Page Ltd.



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